What is sexual violence?
The Campus Sexual Violence Act requires institutions to educate students and employees on prevention and awareness of sexual assault. According to the Illinois Criminal Code, the following definitions apply. http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs3.asp?ChapterID=53&ActID=1876 Dating violence is defined on the Department of Justice website. http://www.ovw.usdoj.gov/datingviolence.html
Dating violence: Violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim is dating violence. The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors:
- the length of the relationship
- the type of relationship
- the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship
Sexual assault: A person commits criminal sexual assault if that person commits an act of sexual penetration and: (1) uses force or threat of force; (2) knows that the victim is unable to understand the nature of the act or is unable to give knowing consent: (3) is a family member of the victim, and the victim is under 18 years of age; or (4) is 17 years of age or over and holds a position
Stalking: A person commits stalking when he or she knowingly engages in a course of conduct directed at a specific person, and he or she know or should know that this course of conduct would cause a reasonable person to: (1) fear for his or her safety or the safety of a third person; or (2) suffer other emotional distress.
Consent: means a freely given agreement to the act of sexual penetration or sexual conduct in question. Lack of verbal or physical resistance or submission by the victim resulting from the use of force or threat of force by the accused shall not constitute consent. The manner of dress of the victim at the time of the offense shall not constitute consent.